It is normal to expect to see some changes in your oral health during pregnancy. You may begin to notice that your gums start to feel swollen, tender, and bleed more easily. This condition is known as “pregnancy gingivitis” and is caused from the excess amount of progesterone your body is producing. Almost 50% of pregnant women develop pregnancy gingivitis and it can begin as early as the first trimester. The good news is that the condition will resolve itself shortly after your pregnancy. Just make sure to take extra good care of your teeth while you are pregnant to avoid any complications.
Several studies have linked gum disease with premature birth and low birth weight. That is why it is very important to maintain excellent oral habits, which means brushing a minimum of two times a day and flossing once a day.
In some cases, you may even notice a large, red growth on your gum line. These are called pregnancy tumors and are not life-threatening. They are not cancerous and will not spread to any other parts of your body. It occurs in about 10% of women who also have pregnancy gingivitis. They can cause discomfort and may even bleed. Although they can occur at any point during your pregnancy, they most commonly arise during the second trimester. Just like pregnancy gingivitis, the growth will go away shortly after you deliver.